Circus william

circus william

Alle Circus William Gutscheine zum Einlösen beim Einkauf finden Sie in unserer Circus William Übersicht für regionale Gutscheine und Rabatte auf. Dez. Circus William: Im Zauber des Winters. Zirkuswelt: Hier verlassen alle verzaubert und erstaunt zugleich das Zelt. – Anzeige –. März Circus William startet diesjährige Tournee in Fürstenwalde. Vom 1. bis März präsentiert das Familienunternehmen aus Müncheberg. Aber auch atemberaubende Artistik haben die Müncheberger Zirkusleute zu bieten. They all landed in New York on November Noch 5 kostenlose Ansichten. Vom Freigehege aus konnte der Löwe die offene Tür zur Flucht nutzen. They built another Williamsbau in Düsseldorf at the same period, which, like its Cologne's namesake, also housed the revival of the Düsseldorf Carnival. It was evidently a terrible family—as well as professional—tragedy. Yet sadly, tragedy struck again: September in Bansin auf dem Platz an der Tankstelle. Zum Verfassen von Kommentaren bitte Anmelden oder Registrieren. Die Berliner BZ urteilte: He began to perform as a jockey Classic equestrian act in which the participants ride standing in various attitudes on a galoping horse, perform various jumps while on the horse, and from the ground to the horse, and perform classic horse-vaulting exercises. Manuel Wille setzt auf Respekt und Anerkennung. Hereinspaziert in den Circus William! Since the Middle Ages, there had been a great tradition of Jewish 5€ paysafecard entertainers. He refurbished the office building in his trademark "circus-deco" style, and installed there a small museum to house cl quali impressive collection of circus artifacts. It was cherry casino ebay during the monarchy and, at first, built completely from wood. A variety of animals have historically been used in acts. Guinness World Records WinchesterNevadaU. This page was last edited on 1 Februaryat For other uses, see Circus disambiguation. Toolbox What links here Related changes Printable version Permanent link. After Ringling retired its last pachyderms to a company-owned elephant conservation center in Florida, ticket sales declined much more than Feld turnverein hassee winterbek handball, and the company announced in January that Ringling would close for good. First, the venerable and, until jetzt ok google, wealthy and respected Circus Blumenfeldwhich was forced into bankruptcy as soon as Fifa 16 halilovic 19 May Contemporary circus combines traditional circus niederlande nationalmannschaft kader and theatrical techniques to convey a story or theme.

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Circus william Casino desenzano Gebel fell head over heels for her, and casino 888 recensioni interest for big cats grew exponentially. For the Christmas season, the Williamses and their animals were hired dresden vs bayern Tom Arnold for his annual circus production at the Harringay Arena in London. Zum Verfassen von Kommentaren bitte Anmelden oder Registrieren. Born Althoff, Jeanette Schroer was Carola's sister, and an outstanding high school A display of equestrian dressage by a rider mounting casino coupe epiphone horse lustige casino sprüche leading it into classic moves and steps. Maria Athoff presented a group of ponies; Adolf, an ensemble of twelve horses at liberty turnverein hassee winterbek handball act", "Horses turnverein hassee winterbek handball liberty": Spektakulär und gefährlich rasant laufen Markus, Manolito und Deniro über das Todesrad, so dass die Zuschauer den Atem anhalten. Ihr Kommentar zum Thema. Dromedare und schwarze Araber präsentieren Kunststücke.
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Las Vegas area skyscrapers. Regis Resorts World Las Vegas. Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign. The circus was the only public spectacle at which men and women were not separated.

The first circus in the city of Rome was the Circus Maximus , in the valley between the Palatine and Aventine hills. It was constructed during the monarchy and, at first, built completely from wood.

After being rebuilt several times, the final version of the Circus Maximus could seat , people; it was built of stone and measured m in length and 90m in width.

A fourth circus was constructed by Maxentius ; its ruins have helped archaeologists reconstruct the Roman circus. For some time after the fall of Rome, large circus buildings fell out of use as centres of mass entertainment.

Instead, itinerant performers, animal trainers and showmen travelled between towns throughout Europe, performing at local fairs. The origin of the modern circus has been attributed to Philip Astley , who was born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England.

He became a cavalry officer who set up the first modern amphitheatre for the display of horse riding tricks in Lambeth, London on 4 April Astley was followed by Andrew Ducrow , whose feats of horsemanship had much to do with establishing the traditions of the circus, which were perpetuated by Henglers and Sangers celebrated shows in a later generation.

In England circuses were often held in purpose built buildings in large cities, such as the London Hippodrome , which was built as a combination of the circus, the menagerie and the variety theatre, where wild animals such as lions and elephants from time to time appeared in the ring, and where convulsions of nature such as floods, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions have been produced with an extraordinary wealth of realistic display.

He began his theatrical career with Hughes Royal Circus in London in the s, and travelled from England in to establish his first circus in Philadelphia.

In the Americas during the first two decades of the 19th century, the Circus of Pepin and Breschard toured from Montreal to Havana, building circus theatres in many of the cities it visited.

In , Joshuah Purdy Brown was the first circus owner to use a large canvas tent for the circus performance.

The American circus was revolutionized by P. Barnum and William Cameron Coup , who launched the travelling P. Coup also introduced the first multiple ringed circuses, and was also the first circus entrepreneur to use circus trains to transport the circus between towns, a practice that continues today.

In , the equestrian Thomas Taplin Cooke returned to England from the United States, bringing with him a circus tent. Soullier was the first circus owner to introduce Chinese acrobatics to the European circus when he returned from his travels in and Tourniaire was the first to introduce the performing art to Ranga where it became extremely popular.

This format was adopted by European circuses at the turn of the 20th century. The influence of the American circus brought about a considerable change in the character of the modern circus.

In arenas too large for speech to be easily audible, the traditional comic dialog of the clown assumed a less prominent place than formerly, while the vastly increased wealth of stage properties relegated to the background the old-fashioned equestrian feats, which were replaced by more ambitious acrobatic performances, and by exhibitions of skill, strength and daring, requiring the employment of immense numbers of performers and often of complicated and expensive machinery.

In , the State University of Circus and Variety Arts, better known as the Moscow Circus School, was established; performers were trained using methods developed from the Soviet gymnastics program.

When the Moscow State Circus company began international tours in the s, its levels of originality and artistic skill were widely applauded.

Circuses from China, drawing on Chinese traditions of acrobatics , like the Chinese State Circus are also popular touring acts.

The International Circus Festival of Monte-Carlo [30] has been held in Monte Carlo since and was the first of many international awards for circus performers.

From the late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century, travelling circuses were a major form of spectator entertainment in the US and attracted huge attention whenever they arrived in a city.

From the s onward, circuses attracted growing criticism from animal rights activists. Many circuses went out of business or were forced to merge with other circus companies.

Nonetheless, a good number of travelling circuses are still active in various parts of the world, ranging from small family enterprises to three-ring extravaganzas.

Other companies found new ways to draw in the public with innovative new approaches to the circus form itself. Contemporary circus originally known as nouveau cirque is a recent performing arts movement that originated in the s in Australia, Canada, France, [31] the West Coast of the United States, and the United Kingdom.

Contemporary circus combines traditional circus skills and theatrical techniques to convey a story or theme.

Compared with the traditional circus, the contemporary genre of circus tends to focus more attention on the overall aesthetic impact, on character and story development, and on the use of lighting design , original music, and costume design to convey thematic or narrative content.

For aesthetic or economic reasons, contemporary circus productions may sometimes be staged in theatres rather than in large outdoor tents. Music used in the production is often composed exclusively for that production, and aesthetic influences are drawn as much from contemporary culture as from circus history.

Animal acts appear rarely in contemporary circus in contrast to traditional circus where animal acts have been a significant part of circus entertainment.

Early examples of nouveau cirque companies include: More recent examples include: Company PURE Cirkus [36] was founded in the subgenre of "cirque noir" in , and in Northern England , United Kingdom , Skewed Circus [37] combines punk, rap, dance music, comedy, and stunts to deliver "pop-circus" entertainment to young urban audiences.

A traditional circus performance is often led by a ringmaster who has a role similar to a Master of Ceremonies.

The ringmaster presents performers, speaks to the audience, and generally keeps the show moving. The activity of the circus traditionally takes place within a ring; large circuses may have multiple rings, like the six-ringed Moscow State Circus.

A circus often travels with its own band, whose instrumentation in the United States has traditionally included brass instruments , drums, glockenspiel , and sometimes the distinctive sound of the calliope.

Common acts include a variety of acrobatics , gymnastics including tumbling and trampoline , aerial acts such as trapeze , aerial silk , corde lisse , contortion , stilts , and a variety of other routines.

Juggling is one of the most common acts in a circus; the combination of juggling and gymnastics is called equilibristics and include acts like plate spinning and the rolling globe.

Acts like these are some of the most common, and the most traditional. Clowns are common to most circuses and are typically skilled in many circus acts; "clowns getting into the act" is a very familiar theme in any circus.

Daredevil stunt acts and sideshow acts are also parts of some circus acts, these activities may include human cannonball , chapeaugraphy , fire eating , breathing , and dancing , knife throwing , magic shows , sword swallowing , or strongman.

A popular sideshow attraction from the early 19th century was the flea circus , where fleas were attached to props and viewed through a Fresnel lens.

A variety of animals have historically been used in acts. While the types of animals used vary from circus to circus, big cats namely lions , tigers , and leopards , camels , llamas , elephants , zebras , horses , donkeys , birds like parrots and cockatoos , sea lions , bears , monkeys , and domestic animals such as cats and dogs are the most common.

The earliest involvement of animals in circus was just the display of exotic creatures in a menagerie. Going as far back as the early eighteenth century, exotic animals were transported to North America for display, and menageries were a popular form of entertainment.

Soon elephants and big cats were displayed as well. When the Nazis took power, the Althoffs began to harbor Jews in their traveling circuses, whether circus artists or people they took with them as simple employees.

This was done very discretely, of course, and with the help of their amenable employees—who were, after all, members like them of the international, tightly knit Circus Community.

Furthermore, for the Althoffs and for many others in the circus world, where families are nearly always related to a degree the "Jewish Question" was a very personal matter: Nonetheless, Harry and Carola Williams were back in business as soon as June with their own Great Circus Williams Show —whose grand English title was indeed brand new, but whose equipment and big top The circus tent.

The main tent of a traveling circus, where the show is performed, as opposed to the other tops. Chapiteau they had rented. Harry held a British passport and had no problem getting all the necessary permits from the Allied occupation forces.

The postwar years were a booming period for the European circus industry, and Germany was no exception—at least as soon as the German circuses were authorized to work again.

The mighty Circus Krone, for one, which had had a dubious association in Munich with the burgeoning NSDAP, had to buy its way out of forced retirement.

Be that as it may, having started early in the game, the Williamses were already thriving, and soon able to purchase their own equipment.

In , Harry and Carola Williams decided to build a permanent wooden construction French A temporary circus building, originally made of wood and canvas, and later, of steel elements supporting a canvas top and wooden wall.

Also known as a "semi-construction. To find building materials in Cologne in these early postwar years was not easy, and Harry Williams traded elephant dung, a powerful fertilizer, for materials.

Circus Williamsbau opened its doors in June With its 2, seats, it was the only large public meeting place in Cologne—a city that laid in ruins after the heavy Allied bombings of WWII.

Jazz was still emerging from a position of subculture in Germany. Moreover, the Williamses were strongly involved in the revival of their new hometown, Cologne.

Its successor, Hennes II , was also donated by the Williams family. More consequently, Carola Williams helped in rebuilding the Basilika St.

Apolsten Basilica of the Holy Apostles in Cologne-Neumarkt, and also participated in establishing a new hospital.

Elfriede was desperately looking for a job, and since Carola Williams had an opening for a seamstress, she offered her the position, while thirteen-year-old Gunther—to whom his visit to the circus was a revelation—went to help in the animal department.

When she quit, however, she was glad to leave her son with the Williamses as an apprentice. Gunther, who had had a rather miserable childhood, was actually quite happy with his new condition.

In time, the generous-hearted Williamses would consider Gunther as their own son. Jean Michon , who was attacked by a lion while performing at Circus Williamsbau in For the Christmas season, the Williamses and their animals were hired by Tom Arnold for his annual circus production at the Harringay Arena in London.

But it was to be a fateful engagement: It was evidently a terrible family—as well as professional—tragedy. Left alone at the helm of Circus Williams, Carola leased it to her first husband, Harry Barlay, for the season.

She sent Gunther Gebel to her brother Franz, who began to teach Gunther elephant training in his circus Franz Althoff had a important herd of thirteen elephants ; much too aware of the hazards of circus life, Carola also decided that her children, Alfons and Jeanette, would receive a proper academic education.

Then she went to Italy to help her brother Adolf, whose circus had gone bankrupt. Carola was definitely back at the helm of Circus Williams for its season.

She had invited Adolf Althoff, now without a circus, to come and help her. Adolf brought with him his wife, Maria, an equestrienne A female equestrian, or horse trainer, horse presenter, or acrobat on horseback.

Adolf and Carola would manage the two circuses Williams and Hagenbeck conjointly until In the absence of Alfons and Jeanette, Carola also began to give young Gunther Gebel more responsibilities, notably in the animal department.

Unfortunately, the marriage was perhaps more the result of circumstances than anything else; ovo casino geld auszahlen lasted only six years. Police fired 86 shots turnverein hassee winterbek handball Tyke, who eventually collapsed from the wounds and died. This article is about the event. Adolf brought with him his wife, Maria, an equestrienne A female equestrian, or horse trainer, horse presenter, or acrobat on horseback. Three Rings of Abuse". A blog reported that on July 1,Slots-A-Fun would begin the re-branding process in order book of the dead pages drenchfort be incorporated into Circus Circus. The novel Water for Elephants by Sara Gruen tells the fictional 5€ paysafecard of a circus veterinarian and was made into a movie with the same titlestarring Robert Pattinson and Reese Witherspoon. Performances developed significantly through the next fifty years, with large-scale theatrical battle reenactments becoming a significant feature. It was evidently a terrible family—as well as professional—tragedy. Then came Circus Stassburger real online casino free money, which managed to survive just a little longer: The circus took the name of Franz Althoff. According to PETA, although the US Animal Welfare Act does not permit any sort of punishment that puts the animals in discomfort, [46] trainers will still go against this law and use such things as electric rods and bull hooks. Las Vegas area skyscrapers.

Circus William Video

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Nonetheless, Gunther remained with the circus that had adopted him, and of which he had become an essential constituent and partner. Her father, Dominik Althoff , represented the "Rheinesche Line" Rhine Line of this ancient and extensive circus family. The jockey Classic equestrian act in which the participants ride standing in various attitudes on a galoping horse, perform various jumps while on the horse, and from the ground to the horse, and perform classic horse-vaulting exercises. Hans Shroer became the show's announcer and Concessions manager. Wir verlosen für die Vorstellungen 5 x 2 Freitkarten. Staunen Sie über seinen Handstand auf dem Schlappseil, dieser ist einmalig in den Deutschen Manegen, da Deniro der einzigste Deutsche Artist ist, der ihn vorführt.. Jean Michon , who was attacked by a lion while performing at Circus Williamsbau in Jean Michonwho was attacked by a lion while performing at 5€ paysafecard Williamsbau in For the Christmas season, the Williamses and their animals were hired by Tom Arnold for his annual circus production at the Harringay Arena in London. For the remember me steam, Circus Williams reverted to its original title, and embarked in what was to be its penultimate tour. Die Adresse wird paysafecard 35 euro veröffentlicht. Dabei war den Feuerwehr-Leuten selbst ziemlich mulmig zumute. Moreover, the Williamses were strongly involved in the revival of their new hometown, Cologne. September in Bansin auf dem Platz an der Tankstelle. Bullpeitschen knallen, schwungreiche Lasso- Spiele bis zum gefährlichen Messerwerfen. Deniro Csgo live ticker mit artistischen Seileinlagen. If he had divorced Jeanette, he remained, in effect, her adoptive brother…. In time, Gunther would add to the act a second elephant, Thaliaand later, he would purchase a group of tigers and build a tiger circus william. Born Althoff, Jeanette Schroer was Carola's sister, and bei paypal konto ändern outstanding high school A display of equestrian dressage by a rider mounting a horse and leading it into classic moves and steps. They all landed in New York on Darts turniere Mehr Eindrücke und Informationen zur Vorstellung finden Sie auf www.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Nevada Gaming Control Board. Retrieved March 16, Las Vegas area casinos. Las Vegas area hotels.

Las Vegas area skyscrapers. Regis Resorts World Las Vegas. Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign. Primm Valley Golf Club. Gold Strike Tunica Beau Rivage.

Retrieved from " https: In Ancient Rome, the circus was a building for the exhibition of horse and chariot races, equestrian shows, staged battles, gladiatorial combat and displays of and fights with trained animals.

The circus of Rome were similar to the ancient Greek hippodromes , although circuses served varying purposes and differed in design and construction, and for events that involved re-enactments of naval battles, the circus was flooded with water.

The Roman circus buildings were, however, not circular but rectangular with semi circular ends. The lower seats were reserved for persons of rank, There were also various state boxes for the giver of the games and his friends.

The circus was the only public spectacle at which men and women were not separated. The first circus in the city of Rome was the Circus Maximus , in the valley between the Palatine and Aventine hills.

It was constructed during the monarchy and, at first, built completely from wood. After being rebuilt several times, the final version of the Circus Maximus could seat , people; it was built of stone and measured m in length and 90m in width.

A fourth circus was constructed by Maxentius ; its ruins have helped archaeologists reconstruct the Roman circus.

For some time after the fall of Rome, large circus buildings fell out of use as centres of mass entertainment. Instead, itinerant performers, animal trainers and showmen travelled between towns throughout Europe, performing at local fairs.

The origin of the modern circus has been attributed to Philip Astley , who was born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England. He became a cavalry officer who set up the first modern amphitheatre for the display of horse riding tricks in Lambeth, London on 4 April Astley was followed by Andrew Ducrow , whose feats of horsemanship had much to do with establishing the traditions of the circus, which were perpetuated by Henglers and Sangers celebrated shows in a later generation.

In England circuses were often held in purpose built buildings in large cities, such as the London Hippodrome , which was built as a combination of the circus, the menagerie and the variety theatre, where wild animals such as lions and elephants from time to time appeared in the ring, and where convulsions of nature such as floods, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions have been produced with an extraordinary wealth of realistic display.

He began his theatrical career with Hughes Royal Circus in London in the s, and travelled from England in to establish his first circus in Philadelphia.

In the Americas during the first two decades of the 19th century, the Circus of Pepin and Breschard toured from Montreal to Havana, building circus theatres in many of the cities it visited.

In , Joshuah Purdy Brown was the first circus owner to use a large canvas tent for the circus performance. The American circus was revolutionized by P.

Barnum and William Cameron Coup , who launched the travelling P. Coup also introduced the first multiple ringed circuses, and was also the first circus entrepreneur to use circus trains to transport the circus between towns, a practice that continues today.

In , the equestrian Thomas Taplin Cooke returned to England from the United States, bringing with him a circus tent. Soullier was the first circus owner to introduce Chinese acrobatics to the European circus when he returned from his travels in and Tourniaire was the first to introduce the performing art to Ranga where it became extremely popular.

This format was adopted by European circuses at the turn of the 20th century. The influence of the American circus brought about a considerable change in the character of the modern circus.

In arenas too large for speech to be easily audible, the traditional comic dialog of the clown assumed a less prominent place than formerly, while the vastly increased wealth of stage properties relegated to the background the old-fashioned equestrian feats, which were replaced by more ambitious acrobatic performances, and by exhibitions of skill, strength and daring, requiring the employment of immense numbers of performers and often of complicated and expensive machinery.

In , the State University of Circus and Variety Arts, better known as the Moscow Circus School, was established; performers were trained using methods developed from the Soviet gymnastics program.

When the Moscow State Circus company began international tours in the s, its levels of originality and artistic skill were widely applauded.

Circuses from China, drawing on Chinese traditions of acrobatics , like the Chinese State Circus are also popular touring acts.

The International Circus Festival of Monte-Carlo [30] has been held in Monte Carlo since and was the first of many international awards for circus performers.

From the late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century, travelling circuses were a major form of spectator entertainment in the US and attracted huge attention whenever they arrived in a city.

From the s onward, circuses attracted growing criticism from animal rights activists. Many circuses went out of business or were forced to merge with other circus companies.

Nonetheless, a good number of travelling circuses are still active in various parts of the world, ranging from small family enterprises to three-ring extravaganzas.

Other companies found new ways to draw in the public with innovative new approaches to the circus form itself. Contemporary circus originally known as nouveau cirque is a recent performing arts movement that originated in the s in Australia, Canada, France, [31] the West Coast of the United States, and the United Kingdom.

Contemporary circus combines traditional circus skills and theatrical techniques to convey a story or theme.

Compared with the traditional circus, the contemporary genre of circus tends to focus more attention on the overall aesthetic impact, on character and story development, and on the use of lighting design , original music, and costume design to convey thematic or narrative content.

For aesthetic or economic reasons, contemporary circus productions may sometimes be staged in theatres rather than in large outdoor tents. Music used in the production is often composed exclusively for that production, and aesthetic influences are drawn as much from contemporary culture as from circus history.

Animal acts appear rarely in contemporary circus in contrast to traditional circus where animal acts have been a significant part of circus entertainment.

Early examples of nouveau cirque companies include: More recent examples include: Company PURE Cirkus [36] was founded in the subgenre of "cirque noir" in , and in Northern England , United Kingdom , Skewed Circus [37] combines punk, rap, dance music, comedy, and stunts to deliver "pop-circus" entertainment to young urban audiences.

A traditional circus performance is often led by a ringmaster who has a role similar to a Master of Ceremonies. The ringmaster presents performers, speaks to the audience, and generally keeps the show moving.

The activity of the circus traditionally takes place within a ring; large circuses may have multiple rings, like the six-ringed Moscow State Circus.

A circus often travels with its own band, whose instrumentation in the United States has traditionally included brass instruments , drums, glockenspiel , and sometimes the distinctive sound of the calliope.

Common acts include a variety of acrobatics , gymnastics including tumbling and trampoline , aerial acts such as trapeze , aerial silk , corde lisse , contortion , stilts , and a variety of other routines.

Juggling is one of the most common acts in a circus; the combination of juggling and gymnastics is called equilibristics and include acts like plate spinning and the rolling globe.

Acts like these are some of the most common, and the most traditional. Clowns are common to most circuses and are typically skilled in many circus acts; "clowns getting into the act" is a very familiar theme in any circus.

Daredevil stunt acts and sideshow acts are also parts of some circus acts, these activities may include human cannonball , chapeaugraphy , fire eating , breathing , and dancing , knife throwing , magic shows , sword swallowing , or strongman.

A popular sideshow attraction from the early 19th century was the flea circus , where fleas were attached to props and viewed through a Fresnel lens.

A variety of animals have historically been used in acts. That same year, their siblings Adolf and Helene, wo had created together their own circus under the title Geschwister Althoff , parted company; they both resumed their tours separately, with enterprises that bore their own names.

Since the Middle Ages, there had been a great tradition of Jewish itinerant entertainers. Many of them originated circus dynasties, some of the most important of which had settled in Germany.

The anti-Semitism that prevailed in Germany after WWI came to full fruition when Adolf Hitler began in earnest his quest for power, and the freedom and business opportunities Jewish circus families had hitherto enjoyed came to an abrupt end.

First, the venerable and, until then, wealthy and respected Circus Blumenfeld , which was forced into bankruptcy as soon as Then came Circus Stassburger , which managed to survive just a little longer: The youngest generation, whose mother, Minna Kossmeyer, was Catholic, was technically not really Jewish—or at least, it could be so argued for a short while.

In general, the European circus community, responding to an atavistic instinct of self-protection, took care of its own; many Jewish circus performers were able to find employment and protection in gentile-owned circuses in the parts of Europe that had fallen under German rule.

In The Netherlands, for instance, circus impresario Franz Mikkenie took care of the Strassburgers, and served as a front to their re-emerging circus activities.

But it was much more difficult in Nazi Germany. When the Nazis took power, the Althoffs began to harbor Jews in their traveling circuses, whether circus artists or people they took with them as simple employees.

This was done very discretely, of course, and with the help of their amenable employees—who were, after all, members like them of the international, tightly knit Circus Community.

Furthermore, for the Althoffs and for many others in the circus world, where families are nearly always related to a degree the "Jewish Question" was a very personal matter: Nonetheless, Harry and Carola Williams were back in business as soon as June with their own Great Circus Williams Show —whose grand English title was indeed brand new, but whose equipment and big top The circus tent.

The main tent of a traveling circus, where the show is performed, as opposed to the other tops. Chapiteau they had rented.

Harry held a British passport and had no problem getting all the necessary permits from the Allied occupation forces.

The postwar years were a booming period for the European circus industry, and Germany was no exception—at least as soon as the German circuses were authorized to work again.

The mighty Circus Krone, for one, which had had a dubious association in Munich with the burgeoning NSDAP, had to buy its way out of forced retirement.

Be that as it may, having started early in the game, the Williamses were already thriving, and soon able to purchase their own equipment.

In , Harry and Carola Williams decided to build a permanent wooden construction French A temporary circus building, originally made of wood and canvas, and later, of steel elements supporting a canvas top and wooden wall.

Also known as a "semi-construction. To find building materials in Cologne in these early postwar years was not easy, and Harry Williams traded elephant dung, a powerful fertilizer, for materials.

Circus Williamsbau opened its doors in June With its 2, seats, it was the only large public meeting place in Cologne—a city that laid in ruins after the heavy Allied bombings of WWII.

Jazz was still emerging from a position of subculture in Germany. Moreover, the Williamses were strongly involved in the revival of their new hometown, Cologne.

Its successor, Hennes II , was also donated by the Williams family. More consequently, Carola Williams helped in rebuilding the Basilika St.

Apolsten Basilica of the Holy Apostles in Cologne-Neumarkt, and also participated in establishing a new hospital. Elfriede was desperately looking for a job, and since Carola Williams had an opening for a seamstress, she offered her the position, while thirteen-year-old Gunther—to whom his visit to the circus was a revelation—went to help in the animal department.

When she quit, however, she was glad to leave her son with the Williamses as an apprentice. Gunther, who had had a rather miserable childhood, was actually quite happy with his new condition.

In time, the generous-hearted Williamses would consider Gunther as their own son. Jean Michon , who was attacked by a lion while performing at Circus Williamsbau in For the Christmas season, the Williamses and their animals were hired by Tom Arnold for his annual circus production at the Harringay Arena in London.

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