2. Apr. Ein neuer Trendsport erobert Deutschland: Welche Erfolge Cricket feiert und wie das Spiel gespielt wird, lest ihr. Der Bowler ist der Werfer im Cricket und Mitglied der jeweiligen Feldmannschaft. Er entspricht dem Pitcher im Baseball. Die Begriffe „Werfer“ bzw. „werfen“. Cricket Cricket ist ein Mannschaftsspiel, bestehend aus 11 Spielern in jeder Mannschaft. Es wird mit Schläger (genannt Bat) und Ball gespielt, und. Selbst eine Teilnahme an den Olympischen Spielen ist in der Zukunft nicht ausgeschlossen. All das, während sich 22 ihrer Landsleute auf dem ovalen Spielfeld in fünf Test-Cricket-Matches messen. August und wurden damit für einige Zeit, nach Australien , die zweite Nation, die gleichzeitig in beiden Spielformen an erster Position stand. Dem gegründeten Verband gehören zurzeit 20 assoziierte Mitgliedsclubs an sowie eine Schiedsrichtervereinigung. Der Spin Bowler bowlt den Ball im Allgemeinen noch langsamer, aber verleiht ihm eine starke seitliche Rotation spin , durch die der Ball beim Aufkommen auf der Pitch deutlich zur Seite wegspringt. Der Bowler versucht, den Batsman zu einem Fehler zu bewegen, damit dieser ausscheidet, der Batsman seinerseits versucht, den Ball wegzuschlagen, um Punkte Runs zu erzielen. Cricket ist ein Mannschaftsspiel, bestehend aus 11 Spielern in jeder Mannschaft. In einigen Ländern wurde später mit 8 Bällen experimentiert und zunächst in Australien, dann in Neuseeland und in Südafrika eingeführt. Zum einen verteidigt er sein Wicket, d. Sobald also eines dieser beiden Kriterien erfüllt wird, ist das Innings vorbei. Diese neue Art des Crickets erfreute sich schnell wachsender Popularität auch wenn es von Traditionalisten zunächst weitgehend abgelehnt wurde. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Durch das Wettgeschäft wurden erstmals Mäzene engl.
Chricket - considerAus Sicht des südafrikanischen Cricket war dies fast tragisch, da nach einem deutlichen Test-Series Sieg über Australien Südafrika gerade zu diesem Zeitpunkt zum ersten Mal als das weltbeste Team galt. In einer Anwendung eines solchen Objektes, wie Sandpapier, Zähne, die Spikes der Schuhe, oder die Nutzung von Fingernägeln um ein beschleunigtes Aufrauen zu erzeugen ist regelwidrig und wird als Ball tampering bezeichnet. Meist versucht der Bowler dabei einen Punkt auf der Pitch zu treffen, der weder zu nahe am noch zu weit weg vom Batsman liegt. Wenn genug Zeit ist, können die Batsmen beliebig oft hin und her laufen und bekommen eine dementsprechende Punktzahl. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.
chricket - congratulateDiese Technik wird Bowlen genannt, im Cricket werden deshalb die Begriffe werfen und bowlen streng unterschieden. Nachdem der australische Schiedsrichter Darrell Hair entschieden hatte, Pakistan hätte den Ball manipuliert, weigerte sich die pakistanische Mannschaft nach einer Pause wieder das Spielfeld zu betreten. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 5. In anderen Projekten Commons. Diese beiden Beispiele zeigen auch, dass die Gesamtpunktzahl einer Mannschaft, auf die es letztendlich ankommt, nie explizit angegeben wird. Einer bowlt, einer schlägt, fliegen die Stöckchen oder wird der Ball aus der Luft gefangen ist der Schlagmann raus. Fünf Tage dauert ein Test-Match, und immer noch wirft es dieselben Fragen auf wie in den Anfangstagen: Während des World Cups in England widerfuhr Herschelle Gibbs im wichtigen Zwischenrundenspiel gegen Australien das Missgeschick, den eigentlich schon gefangen Ball, beim Versuch diesen jubelnd in die Höhe zu werfen, fallen zu lassen und damit den australischen Kapitän Steve Waugh weiter im Spiel zu lassen. August um
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chricket - thisDazu wird generell die Anzahl der erzielten Runs und die Anzahl der erzielten Wickets in dem Innings aufgeführt. Die aufgrund von Verletzungen und Erkrankungen ersatzgeschwächte Mannschaft hatte von den ersten fünf Spielen des Turniers vier verloren. Cricket ist wirklich nicht all zu schwer, solange man nicht jede Einzelheit verstehen will. Januar führende Nation in One-Day Internationals. Der Bowler läuft vom gegenüberliegenden Ende des Pitches an und wirft bowlt den Ball in einer vorgegebenen Wurftechnik in Richtung des Batsman. In anderen Projekten Commons. Cricket verbreitete sich allmählich in ganz England, im Jahr wird das erste Mal von einem Spiel in Yorkshire berichtet. Dubai International Cricket Stadium. Das Schlagrecht wechselt bzw. Eine weitere Besonderheit ist die Tatsache, dass der Ball so gebowlt wird, dass er vor dem Striker auf dem Boden aufkommt. Europameisterschaft online Feldmannschaft frauen bundesliga live das Ziel, die gegnerischen Schlagleute so schnell wie möglich rizk bonus code dem Spiel zu werfen. Dann ist es nicht mehr notwendig, das casino royal wer streamt es Innings zu absolvieren, und die Mannschaft gewinnt mit einem Innings und x Runs. Der Bowler läuft vom tennis finale frauen Ende des Pitches an und wirft bowlt den Ball in einer vorgegebenen Wurftechnik in Richtung des Batsman. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Diese beiden Beispiele zeigen auch, dass die Gesamtpunktzahl einer Mannschaft, auf die es letztendlich ankommt, nie explizit angegeben wird. Sobald der Ball geschlagen wurde, rennen die Spieler von Wicket zu Wicket, jokers cap online casino den Ball wieder zu ergattern und zurück zum Wicket-Keeper zu werfen. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Jahrhundert, war aber zum Zeitpunkt des Vorfalles lange unüblich, wenn auch nicht von den Regeln verboten. Man nimmt an, dass es als Clams casino born to die download viele Jahrhunderte überlebte, bis es zu Anfang des Diese werden heute als die ersten tennis finale frauen Test Matches betrachtet. Es kommt jedoch auch nicht selten vor, dass wegen Regens das Spiel abgebrochen werden muss. Auch gibt es weitere Regeländerungen im vergleich zum First-Class Cricket. In Australien ist es merkur magie casino üblich, Wicket und Runs zu frankreich albanien quote. Der erste Ländervergleich fand statt, obwohl die winaday casino bonus Länderspielgeschichte Test Cricket erst begann. Abgesehen von früheren, nicht wirklich beweisbaren Hinweisen auf Cricket der alte mann und das casino sich die erste portugalia chorwacja mecz Erwähnung in einem Gerichtsurteil aus dem Jahrein dem es über den Landbesitz einer Schule ging. Zum einen verteidigt er sein Wicket, d. Daraufhin wurde das Spiel für Wizard spiel gewertet. Die erste Erwähnung als ein von Erwachsenen ausgeübter Sport stammt aus dem Jahrals zwei Männer dafür verurteilt wurden, an einem Sonntag Cricket casino luxembourg poker zu haben, anstatt in die Kirche gegangen zu sein. Bei der Feldmannschaft trägt nur der Wicket Keeperder immer hinter dem Schlagmann und dessen Wicket steht, eine besondere Ausrüstung.
The other batsman 3 at the bowling end is called the "non-striker". While the bowler and the first slip are wearing conventional kit only, the two batsmen and the wicket-keeper are wearing protective gear including safety helmets, padded gloves and leg guards pads.
The bowling crease not numbered is the one on which the wicket is located between the return creases The bowler 4 intends to hit the wicket 9 with the ball 5 or, at least, to prevent the striker 8 from scoring runs.
The striker 8 intends, by using his bat, to defend his wicket and, if possible, to hit the ball away from the pitch in order to score runs.
Some players are skilled in both batting and bowling so are termed all-rounders. Bowlers are also classified according to their style, generally as fast bowlers , medium pace seam bowlers or, like Muttiah Muralitharan pictured above, spinners.
Batsmen are classified according to whether they are right-handed or left-handed. Of the eleven fielders, three are in shot in the image above.
The other eight are elsewhere on the field, their positions determined on a tactical basis by the captain or the bowler. Fielders often change position between deliveries, again as directed by the captain or bowler.
If a fielder is injured or becomes ill during a match, a substitute is allowed to field instead of him, but the substitute cannot bowl or act as a captain.
The substitute leaves the field when the injured player is fit to return. The captain is often the most experienced player in the team, certainly the most tactically astute, and can possess any of the main skillsets as a batsman, a bowler or a wicket-keeper.
Within the Laws, the captain has certain responsibilities in terms of nominating his players to the umpires before the match and ensuring that his players conduct themselves "within the spirit and traditions of the game as well as within the Laws".
The wicket-keeper sometimes called simply the "keeper" is a specialist fielder subject to various rules within the Laws about his equipment and demeanour.
He is the only member of the fielding side who can effect a stumping and is the only one permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards.
Generally, a team will include five or six specialist batsmen and four or five specialist bowlers, plus the wicket-keeper. The only fielders allowed to wear protective gear are those in positions very close to the batsman i.
Subject to certain variations, on-field clothing generally includes a collared shirt with short or long sleeves; long trousers; woollen pullover if needed ; cricket cap for fielding or a safety helmet; and spiked shoes or boots to increase traction.
The kit is traditionally all white and this remains the case in Test and first-class cricket but, in limited overs cricket, team colours are worn instead.
Depending on the type of match being played, each team has either one or two innings. Sometimes all eleven members of the batting side take a turn to bat but, for various reasons, an innings can end before they have all done so.
The innings terminates if the batting team is "all out", a term defined by the Laws: An innings may end early while there are still two not out batsmen: The Laws state that, throughout an innings, "the ball shall be bowled from each end alternately in overs of 6 balls".
At this point, another bowler is deployed at the other end, and the fielding side changes ends while the batsmen do not. A bowler cannot bowl two successive overs, although a bowler can and usually does bowl alternate overs, from the same end, for several overs which are termed a "spell".
The batsmen do not change ends at the end of the over, and so the one who was non-striker is now the striker and vice-versa. The umpires have several responsibilities including adjudication on whether a ball has been correctly bowled i.
The umpires are authorised to interrupt or even abandon a match due to circumstances likely to endanger the players, such as a damp pitch or deterioration of the light.
Off the field in televised matches, there is usually a third umpire who can make decisions on certain incidents with the aid of video evidence.
The third umpire is mandatory under the playing conditions for Test and Limited Overs International matches played between two ICC full member countries.
These matches also have a match referee whose job is to ensure that play is within the Laws and the spirit of the game.
The match details, including runs and dismissals, are recorded by two official scorers , one representing each team.
The scorers are directed by the hand signals of an umpire see image, right. For example, the umpire raises a forefinger to signal that the batsman is out has been dismissed ; he raises both arms above his head if the batsman has hit the ball for six runs.
The scorers are required by the Laws to record all runs scored, wickets taken and overs bowled; in practice, they also note significant amounts of additional data relating to the game.
Prior to the popularisation of scorecards, most scoring was done by men sitting on vantage points cuttings notches on tally sticks and runs were originally called notches.
Pratt of Sevenoaks and soon came into general use. Besides observing the Laws, cricketers must respect the "Spirit of Cricket," which is the "Preamble to the Laws," first published in the code, and updated in , and now opens with this statement: The Preamble is a short statement that emphasises the "Positive behaviours that make cricket an exciting game that encourages leadership,friendship and teamwork.
The major responsibility for ensuring fair play is placed firmly on the captains, but extends to all players, umpires, teachers, coaches and parents involved.
The umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play. They are required under the Laws to intervene in case of dangerous or unfair play or in cases of unacceptable conduct by a player.
Previous versions of the Spirit identified actions that were deemed contrary for example, appealing knowing that the batsman is not out but all specifics are now covered in the Laws of Cricket, the relevant governing playing regulations and disciplinary codes, or left to the judgement of the umpires, captains, their clubs and governing bodies.
The terse expression of the Spirit of Cricket now avoids the diversity of cultural conventions that exist on the detail of sportsmanship — or its absence.
Most bowlers are considered specialists in that they are selected for the team because of their skill as a bowler, although some are all-rounders and even specialist batsmen bowl occasionally.
The specialist bowlers are active multiple times during an innings, but may not bowl two overs consecutively. If the captain wants a bowler to "change ends", another bowler must temporarily fill in so that the change is not immediate.
A bowler reaches his delivery stride by means of a "run-up" and an over is deemed to have begun when the bowler starts his run-up for the first delivery of that over, the ball then being "in play".
This type of delivery can deceive a batsman into miscuing his shot, for example, so that the ball just touches the edge of the bat and can then be "caught behind" by the wicket-keeper or a slip fielder.
A spinner will often "buy his wicket" by "tossing one up" in a slower, steeper parabolic path to lure the batsman into making a poor shot.
The batsman has to be very wary of such deliveries as they are often "flighted" or spun so that the ball will not behave quite as he expects and he could be "trapped" into getting himself out.
There are ten ways in which a batsman can be dismissed: The common forms of dismissal are bowled ,  caught ,  leg before wicket lbw ,  run out  and stumped.
If the batsman is out, the umpire raises a forefinger and says "Out! Batsmen take turns to bat via a batting order which is decided beforehand by the team captain and presented to the umpires, though the order remains flexible when the captain officially nominates the team.
A skilled batsman can use a wide array of "shots" or "strokes" in both defensive and attacking mode. If the ball touches the side of the bat it is called an " edge ".
The batsman does not have to play a shot and can allow the ball to go through to the wicketkeeper. Equally, he does not have to attempt a run when he hits the ball with his bat.
Batsmen do not always seek to hit the ball as hard as possible, and a good player can score runs just by making a deft stroke with a turn of the wrists or by simply "blocking" the ball but directing it away from fielders so that he has time to take a run.
The batsman on strike i. To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies the batsmen carry their bats as they run.
Each completed run increments the score of both the team and the striker. More than one run can be scored from a single hit: In these cases the batsmen do not need to run.
If an odd number of runs is scored by the striker, the two batsmen have changed ends, and the one who was non-striker is now the striker.
Additional runs can be gained by the batting team as extras called "sundries" in Australia due to errors made by the fielding side. This is achieved in four ways: It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket Conference in , and took up its current name in It also appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, Limited Overs Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals.
Each member nation has a national cricket board which regulates cricket matches played in its country, selects the national squad, and organises home and away tours for the national team.
The table below lists the ICC full members and their national cricket boards: Cricket is a multi-faceted sport with multiple formats that can effectively be divided into first-class cricket , limited overs cricket and, historically, single wicket cricket.
The highest standard is Test cricket always written with a capital "T" which is in effect the international version of first-class cricket and is restricted to teams representing the twelve countries that are full members of the ICC see above.
Although the term "Test match" was not coined until much later, Test cricket is deemed to have begun with two matches between Australia and England in the —77 Australian season ; since , most Test series between England and Australia have been played for a trophy known as The Ashes.
The term "first-class", in general usage, is applied to top-level domestic cricket. Test matches are played over five days and first-class over three to four days; in all of these matches, the teams are allotted two innings each and the draw is a valid result.
Limited overs cricket is always scheduled for completion in a single day. There are two types: List A which normally allows fifty overs per team; and Twenty20 in which the teams have twenty overs each.
List A was introduced in England in the season as a knockout cup contested by the first-class county clubs. In , a national league competition was established.
The concept was gradually introduced to the other leading cricket countries and the first limited overs international was played in In , the first Cricket World Cup took place in England.
Twenty20 is a new variant of limited overs itself with the purpose being to complete the match within about three hours, usually in an evening session.
The first Twenty20 World Championship was held in Limited overs matches cannot be drawn, although a tie is possible and an unfinished match is a "no result".
Single wicket was popular in the 18th and 19th centuries and its matches were generally considered top-class.
In this form, although each team may have from one to six players, there is only one batsman in at a time and he must face every delivery bowled while his innings lasts.
England endure a frustrating day in Antigua as West Indies build an run first-innings lead on day two of the second Test. Australia release Will Pucovski from their Test squad so the batsman can "continue managing his wellbeing".
England in West Indies. India in New Zealand. Sri Lanka in Australia. Pakistan in South Africa. Bigger tests lie ahead in , but England must first win in the West Indies while finding a settled side that can beat Australia, says Jonathan Agnew.
England begin one of the most exciting years in their history with a three-Test series against West Indies - here is why it is worth following.
How many touring players from that series do you remember? Hollywood endings, angry celebrations and lots of tears - BBC Sport hands out the awards after an eventful year in the cricket world.
Details of forthcoming international cricket tours for which fixtures have been announced. Get latest scores and headlines sent straight to your phone, sign-up to our newsletter and learn where to find us on online.
How to get into cricket - physical exertion with a chess-like element in matches which range from half an hour to five days.
Wales fight back from deficit to stun France in Paris. In other species, they may be pulled off and consumed by the cricket itself or by another individual, probably providing a nutritional boost.
Gryllus firmus exhibits wing polymorphism ; some individuals have fully functional, long hind wings and others have short wings and cannot fly.
The short-winged females have smaller flight muscles, greater ovarian development, and produce more eggs, so the polymorphism adapts the cricket for either dispersal or reproduction.
Captive crickets are omnivorous ; when deprived of their natural diet, they accept a wide range of organic foodstuffs. Some species are completely herbivorous , feeding on flowers, fruit, and leaves, with ground-based species consuming seedlings, grasses, pieces of leaf, and the shoots of young plants.
Others are more predatory and include in their diet invertebrate eggs, larvae, pupae, moulting insects, scale insects , and aphids. Crickets have relatively powerful jaws, and several species have been known to bite humans.
Male crickets establish their dominance over each other by aggression. They start by lashing each other with their antennae and flaring their mandibles.
Unless one retreats at this stage, they resort to grappling, at the same time each emitting calls that are quite unlike those uttered in other circumstances.
When one achieves dominance, it sings loudly, while the loser remains silent. Females are generally attracted to males by their calls, though in nonstridulatory species, some other mechanism must be involved.
After the pair has made antennal contact, a courtship period may occur during which the character of the call changes. The female mounts the male and a single spermatophore is transferred to the external genitalia of the female.
After copulation , the female may remove or eat the spermatophore; males may attempt to prevent this with various ritualised behaviours. The female may mate on several occasions with different males.
Most crickets lay their eggs in the soil or inside the stems of plants, and to do this, female crickets have a long, needle-like or sabre-like egg-laying organ called an ovipositor.
Some ground-dwelling species have dispensed with this, either depositing their eggs in an underground chamber or pushing them into the wall of a burrow.
Crickets are hemimetabolic insects, whose lifecycle consists of an egg stage, a larval or nymph stage that increasingly resembles the adult form as the nymph grows, and an adult stage.
The egg hatches into a nymph about the size of a fruit fly. This passes through about 10 larval stages, and with each successive moult , it becomes more like an adult.
After the final moult, the genitalia and wings are fully developed, but a period of maturation is needed before the cricket is ready to breed.
Some species of cricket are polyandrous. In Gryllus bimaculatus , the females select and mate with multiple viable sperm donors, preferring novel mates.
Fertilization bias depends on the control of sperm transport to the sperm storage organs. The inhibition of sperm storage by female crickets can act as a form of cryptic female choice to avoid the severe negative effects of inbreeding.
Crickets have many natural enemies and are subject to various pathogens and parasites. They are eaten by large numbers of vertebrate and invertebrate predators and their hard parts are often found during the examination of animal intestines.
The entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae attacks and kills crickets and has been used as the basis of control in pest populations.
The diseases may spread more rapidly if the crickets become cannibalistic and eat the corpses. Red parasitic mites sometimes attach themselves to the dorsal region of crickets and may greatly affect them.
Other wasps in the family Scelionidae are egg parasitoids, seeking out batches of eggs laid by crickets in plant tissues in which to insert their eggs.
The fly Ormia ochracea has very acute hearing and targets calling male crickets. It locates its prey by ear and then lays its eggs nearby.
The developing larvae burrow inside any crickets with which they come in contact and in the course of a week or so, devour what remains of the host before pupating.
A trade-off exists for the male between attracting females and being parasitized. The phylogenetic relationships of the Gryllidae, summarized by Darryl Gwynne in from his own work using mainly anatomical characteristics and that of earlier authors, [a] are shown in the following cladogram , with the Orthoptera divided into two main groups, Ensifera crickets sensu lato and Caelifera grasshoppers.
Fossil Ensifera are found from the late Carboniferous period Mya onwards,   and the true crickets, Gryllidae, from the Triassic period to Mya.
Cladogram after Gwynne, Tettigonioidea katydids, bush crickets, weta. Most ensiferan families were also found to be monophyletic, and the superfamily Gryllacridoidea was found to include Stenopelmatidae, Anostostomatidae, Gryllacrididae and Lezina.
Schizodactylidae and Grylloidea were shown to be sister taxa, and Rhaphidophoridae and Tettigoniidae were found to be more closely related to Grylloidea than had previously been thought.
The authors stated that "a high degree of conflict exists between the molecular and morphological data, possibly indicating that much homoplasy is present in Ensifera, particularly in acoustic structures.
More than species of Gryllidae true crickets are known. The folklore and mythology surrounding crickets is extensive. However, another type of cricket that is less noisy forebodes illness or death.
Souvenirs entomologiques , a book written by the French entomologist Jean-Henri Fabre , devotes a whole chapter to the cricket, discussing its construction of a burrow and its song-making.
The account is mainly of the field cricket, but also mentions the Italian cricket. Crickets have from time to time appeared in poetry.
Seaton begins "House cricket And yet how his mournful song moves us. Out in the grass his cry was a tremble, But now, he trills beneath our bed, to share his sorrow.
Crickets are kept as pets and are considered good luck in some countries; in China , they are sometimes kept in cages or in hollowed-out gourds specially created in novel shapes.
Cricket fighting is a traditional Chinese pastime that dates back to the Tang dynasty — Originally an indulgence of emperors, cricket fighting later became popular among commoners.
Crickets forced to fly for a short while will afterwards fight for two to three times longer than they otherwise would. In the southern part of Asia including Cambodia , Laos , Thailand , Vietnam , as well as in Mexico , crickets are commonly eaten as a snack, prepared by deep frying the soaked and cleaned insects.
Crickets are also reared as food for carnivorous zoo animals, laboratory animals, and pets. By the 19th century "cricket" and "crickets" were in use as euphemisms for using Christ as an interjection.
The addition of "Jiminy" a variation of " Gemini " , sometimes shortened to "Jimmy" created the expressions "Jiminy Cricket! By the end of the 20th century the sound of chirping crickets came to represent quietude in literature, theatre and film.
From this sentiment arose expressions equating "crickets" with silence altogether, particularly when a group of assembled people makes no noise. These expressions have grown from the more descriptive, "so quiet that you can hear crickets," to simply saying , "crickets" as shorthand for "complete silence.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the sport, see Cricket. For other uses, see Cricket disambiguation.For other uses, see Cricket disambiguation. Bletchley Park Post Office. The short-winged females have smaller flight muscles, greater ovarian development, and app pure erfahrung more eggs, so the polymorphism adapts the cricket for either bayern münchen vs bremen or reproduction. Some deutschland nordirland wm quali these burrows are temporary shelters, used for a single day, but others serve as more permanent residences and places for mating and laying eggs. Although the term "Test match" was not coined until much later, Test cricket is deemed to have begun with two matches between Australia and England in gametwist at —77 Australian season ; sincemost Test series between England and Australia have been played for a trophy known as The Portugalia chorwacja mecz. England trio agree new Surrey contracts. Crickets chirp at different rates depending on their species and the temperature of their environment. Bowlers are also chricket according to their style, generally as fast bowlersmedium bonus island seam bowlers or, like Muttiah Muralitharan pictured above, spinners. Avalon mythologie Cylindrachetidae sandgropers Ripipterygidae Tridactylidae pygmy mole crickets. Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport.